As technology evolved, the opportunity to enhance simulation using computer technology became practical. Virtual reality environments became possible, along with haptics. Simulators using virtual haptics have been used in health care education since the 1990s and have become commonplace. In dentistry, the past two decades have had technological evolution in virtual haptic simulators.
A strong stream of research already exists which demonstrates the utility of virtual, haptic simulation in dental education. A review article by Nassar (2020) in the Journal of Dental Education provides thorough coverage of the two decades of research in this area.